Recycled Steel and Its Uses

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Recycled Steel and Its Uses

Steel is one of the most recycled materials in the whole world. Steel can be recycled continuously without any degradation in its quality and can be manufactured from one product to the other. Moreover, it’s easier to recycle scrap steel than to mine ore for the making of new steel. Steel does not degrade during recycling, and thus is the go-to choice for various applications.

There are 3 types of scrap steel:

  1. Home scrap or internal scrap: The discarded steel that’s generated within the mill while steel-making, is referred to as home scrap.
  2. Prompt scrap: The waste generated while manufacturing different kinds of steel products is known as prompt scrap.
  3. Obsolete scrap: The discarded consumer and industrial elements are known as obsolete scrap.

These are recycled to be used for numerous purposes like:

  1. Home furnishings: Recycled steel is utilized in the making of home furniture owing to its great strength even after recycling. Scrap steel is used in the making of beds, couches, tables, and chairs, etc. The steel provides these furniture pieces durability along with superior aesthetics to make the home stand apart.
  2. Food packaging: Recycled steel is also a preferred choice when it comes to food packaging. Steel cans are the most recycled steel product. A lot of canned goods are made from 100% recycled steel. Less energy is used in the making of steel cans from scrap steel as compared to manufacturing steel cans from raw material. Moreover, steel cans provide excellent resistance against humidity, gasses, and UV-light. Thus, the products do not get spoiled. Moreover, as recycled steel is as strong as the new steel, these cans have great strength and can be transported over long distances. Also, steel has a gloss that gives the food packaging a premium look.
  3. Construction material: Recycled steel is widely used in offices and homes because of its strength and durability. From the steel beams required for support inside the offices to ductwork for the cooling and heating system – all mostly made from recycled steel. Moreover, the stairs and the handrails too are manufactured from the same in most of the cases. Moreover, the lighting fixtures as well as the roofing too involve recycled steel. Also, the old and discarded buildings are dismantled and recycled to form steel that is used in the making of new buildings.
  4. Automobiles: An automobile consists of about 65% of steel. Out of this, around 25% is recycled steel. The old, discarded cars are dismantled and after removing the reusable parts like batteries, tyres, etc, the frames are sent for recycling.
  5. Creative uses: Scrapped steel is used for numerous other purposes like road signs, nameplates, sculptures, and steel art. Being made from recycled steel, outdoor signs and sculptures can withstand external factors and stand strong for years.

Recycled Steel and Its Uses

Steel is one of the most recycled materials in the whole world. Steel can be recycled continuously without any degradation in its quality and can be manufactured from one product to the other. Moreover, it’s easier to recycle scrap steel than to mine ore for the making of new steel. Steel does not degrade during recycling, and thus is the go-to choice for various applications.

There are 3 types of scrap steel:

  1. Home scrap or internal scrap: The discarded steel that’s generated within the mill while steel-making, is referred to as home scrap.
  2. Prompt scrap: The waste generated while manufacturing different kinds of steel products is known as prompt scrap.
  3. Obsolete scrap: The discarded consumer and industrial elements are known as obsolete scrap.

These are recycled to be used for numerous purposes like:

  1. Home furnishings: Recycled steel is utilized in the making of home furniture owing to its great strength even after recycling. Scrap steel is used in the making of beds, couches, tables, and chairs, etc. The steel provides these furniture pieces durability along with superior aesthetics to make the home stand apart.
  2. Food packaging: Recycled steel is also a preferred choice when it comes to food packaging. Steel cans are the most recycled steel product. A lot of canned goods are made from 100% recycled steel. Less energy is used in the making of steel cans from scrap steel as compared to manufacturing steel cans from raw material. Moreover, steel cans provide excellent resistance against humidity, gasses, and UV-light. Thus, the products do not get spoiled. Moreover, as recycled steel is as strong as the new steel, these cans have great strength and can be transported over long distances. Also, steel has a gloss that gives the food packaging a premium look.
  3. Construction material: Recycled steel is widely used in offices and homes because of its strength and durability. From the steel beams required for support inside the offices to ductwork for the cooling and heating system – all mostly made from recycled steel. Moreover, the stairs and the handrails too are manufactured from the same in most of the cases. Moreover, the lighting fixtures as well as the roofing too involve recycled steel. Also, the old and discarded buildings are dismantled and recycled to form steel that is used in the making of new buildings.
  4. Automobiles: An automobile consists of about 65% of steel. Out of this, around 25% is recycled steel. The old, discarded cars are dismantled and after removing the reusable parts like batteries, tyres, etc, the frames are sent for recycling.
  5. Creative uses: Scrapped steel is used for numerous other purposes like road signs, nameplates, sculptures, and steel art. Being made from recycled steel, outdoor signs and sculptures can withstand external factors and stand strong for years.

What makes steel Eco friendly?

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What makes steel Eco friendly?

Steel is highly recommended for construction and industrial purposes. It comes off as the best material owing to its various features like great strength, corrosion and fire resistance, etc. However, steel is also an eco-friendly material and a blessing to the environment. This World Environment Day, switch to steel to do your bit for the environment.

Here’s what makes steel an environment-friendly material. 

  1. The by-products of steel can be repurposed: The manufacturing of steel leaves almost no wastage. The making of steel results in by-products such as air-cooled slag, granulated slag, and expanded slag. All these are adapted for various purposes. The air-cooled slag is suitable as a construction aggregate and is also used in ready-mixed concrete, concrete products, asphaltic concrete, road bases, etc. Granulated slag is utilized in making cementitious material and expanded slag as a lightweight aggregate. Moreover, the by-product gases are used as a direct fuel substitute, for the internal generation of electricity, or sold for power generation.
  2. Water used in the manufacturing of steel can be recycled: The average water required by integrated plants per metric ton of steel is 28.6 cubic metres. The water is utilized for various purposes like cooling, descaling, and cleaning. However, around 98% of the water is recycled and returned to the source. It is then acceptable for specific end-use. Some part of the water is lost due to the evaporation.
  3. Endlessly recyclable: Steel can be endlessly recycled without losing its properties and strength. Steel can be easily repurposed for various other uses and is 98% recyclable, thus being environment-friendly.
  4. Less energy is used: Steel can be prepared from scrap metal too and that consumes very little energy. It is manufactured in the electric arc furnace. In it, new steel is produced entirely from scrap steel and the step of creating pig iron from iron ore (which is further used to make steel) is reduced, thus saving up to 74% of the energy. Moreover, steel is sturdy and can support thicker layers of insulation. Thus, homes don’t lose heat or cold in winters and summers respectively and result in saving electricity and reduced bills.
  5. Reduces deforestation: Steel is fast replacing wood. As many people have started using steel in place of wood for furniture and their houses, the usage of wood has reduced. This further results in fewer trees being cut and reducing deforestation. Moreover, steel can be easily reused but it’s difficult to reuse wood. Thus, using steel means no wastage, less energy, and water consumption. To sum it up, steel is an eco-friendly material and is a boon for society.

Effect of Country Lockdown on Steel Industry

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Effect of Country Lockdown on Steel Industry

The lockdown in India and around the world is having adverse effects on many industries. Many of the sectors are worst-hit by the same and the steel industry too has had to bear the brunt of the lockdown. While it’s a necessary fight for the greater good of mankind, it is imperative to reflect upon the impact of the same on industries to gauge the extent of losses in order to devise a plan to overcome the same.

Key players in the domestic steel market have been forced to shut down operations of many of their manufacturing plants. Even the demand for steel has come down. This sudden halt in the requirement and production will lead to a lowering of the steel prices, thus making way for further losses. Moreover, China’s steel output has declined and China being the largest supplier of finished steel and steel products to India has resulted in the shortage of steel supply. (Source)

The lockdown has led to a nationwide suspension of transport services. The trucks that were the backbone of the steel industry, transporting goods from here to there, are no longer operational and the same is impacting the dispatch of steel products. Most steel companies keep iron ore required for one or two months as a backup near the factory. Still, it would be difficult to carry the same back to the factory due to the unavailability of transport. On the other hand, the construction and infrastructure industry that accounts for around 60 percent of the steel usage too has come to standstill. The same is resulting in the reduction of steel demand.

The lockdown and shutting of manufacturing plants also mean the stoppage of blast furnaces. About half of India’s crude steel output is a result of the blast furnaces. The sudden halting of the blast furnace operations will have unfavorable outcomes like solidifying of hot metal inside the furnace leading to permanent destruction to refractories of the blast furnace and other cooling elements. Moreover, restarting the same has various health dangers like getting hit with equipment, burns, fire, slipping, falling objects, electrocution, etc.

India’s steel ministry secretary Binoy Kumar urged the government to allow the production, supply, and distribution of steel and raw materials under the Essential Services Maintenance Act of 1981. He also brought to notice that the act classifies businesses “dealing with the production, supply or distribution of coal, power, steel or fertilizers” as “essential services”.

Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said that the impact of the lockdown on the global steel industry will be felt for up to 2-3 years now that operations in China, the largest producer of the steel, have been halted.

A way out of this can be the permission to continue the production of steel with regulated working hours and with half the workforce and sufficient precautions. The same will at least result in a minimum break even. Once the lockdown is lifted, the production can begin at the normal rate with minimum cost to generate profits.

The Steel Women of India

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The Steel Women of India

Indian women, with their inner strength, passion, hard work, and courage have created a niche for themselves. They excel in all the fields, be it science, arts or sports and continue to make our country proud. This Women’s Day, let us laud our steel women, who emerged to be the country’s pride and have won laurels for themselves and made India shine.

Sarojini Naidu: Sarojini Naidu played a pivotal role in India’s struggle to gain freedom from the British rule. She applied her knowledge and inner strength and became a promoter of civil rights, women’s emancipation, and anti-imperialistic ideas. She was also a part of the famous Dandi March, a non-violent protest against the British salt monopoly. Not just this, Sarojini Naidu was a well-read person and has contributed to poetry as well. Her work covered a variety of themes including patriotism, romance, and tragedy. She also earned the sobriquet ‘Nightingale of India’ because of her work.

Mother Teresa: The steel women, Mother Teresa, devoted her life to caring for the sick and poor. She also set-up ‘Missionaries of Charity’ to help the disabled, poor, refugees, un-well and lepers. The congregation operates today also and has a presence in more than 100 countries. Mother Teresa has been awarded various honours for her inner strength and charitable work. She was honoured with Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and is the first Indian to win a Nobel Peace Prize. She was also bestowed with the title of “Bharat-Ratna”, the highest civilian award in India.

Kalpana Chawla: Kalpana Chawla, the national hero of India, is the steel woman who made the whole world proud. Kalpana was an American astronaut and engineer. With her inner strength and dedication, she became the first Indian woman and the second Indian to fly to space. She was in space for 336 hours during her research mission.

Kiran Bedi: The first woman to join the Indian Police Service (IPS), Kiran Bedi is widely known for her achievements and inner strength. She has been honoured with various awards, starting from President’s Police Medal to Ramon Magsaysay Award. Moreover, in 2003, Bedi was also chosen as a Police Advisor to Secretary-General of the United Nations in the Department of Peace Keeping Operations, and became the first Indian woman to achieve the same.

Saina Nehwal: Steel women Saina Nehwal has immensely contributed to the world of badminton. With her inner strength and constant hard work, Saina, in 2015, became the first Indian woman to become no. 1 in World ranking. Also, she represented India thrice in the Olympics and in 2012, became the first Indian to win a medal in Badminton at the Olympics.

Bhawana Kanth: In May 2019, Indian Air Force officer Flight Lieutenant Bhawana Kanth became the first day-time Indian woman fighter pilot. She is lauded for her courage and inner strength to be on the forefront to fight for the nation.

These are some of the many women who have won laurels for the country and made us a proud nation. Here’s hoping for a brighter tomorrow where we can encourage and inspire more women to achieve more.

APL Apollo salutes the inner strength of each and every woman. Happy Women’s Day!

How steel products are durable and eco-friendly in comparison to wooden products and the reasons to use them

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How steel products are durable and eco-friendly in comparison to wooden products and the reasons to use them

Steel is one of the most commonly used materials when it comes to consumer and commercial purposes and is fast replacing the wooden products. There are certain properties that make steel a better alternative than wood.

The durability of steel products

For long, steel has remained the preferred choice for numerous constructional purposes. Steel encompasses an array of properties which results in its durability as compared to wooden products. The following features make steel more durable and help steel products to stand out.

  • Durability: Steel is an alloy of carbon, iron and other elements. The same results in the steel products being so strong and durable that they can easily withstand conditions such as storms, earthquakes, mild cyclones, etc. However, wooden products are vulnerable to climate and other natural occurrences.
  • High-tensile strength: Steel has high tensile strength and thus steel products are tough and more durable as compared to wooden products. Steel structures concede long-term performance and do not expand or contract with moisture as opposed to wooden products.
  • Fire resistance: Steel offers excellent fire protection. The same results in making steel products a great choice for constructional uses. Hence, steel structures stay protected in case a fire breaks out. Wood has low fire resistance and thus is not a safe option for building purposes.
  • Longevity: Steel does not distort, split, crack or creep like wood and hence ensures longevity to the structures.
How are steel products more eco-friendly?

Wooden products are formed with the destruction of trees and the same leads to deforestation. Thus, wooden products are not eco-friendly. On the other hand, the usage of steel products means the conservation of trees.

Another fact that makes steel a go-to choice is that it’s the most recycled material on the planet. It can be easily recycled continuously without any degradation in its quality or performance and can be formed into anything. That’s not the case with wooden products. Even though they can be recycled, they can only be formed into limited products. Also, their performance degrades over time.

Reasons to use steel products

  • Versatile 
    • Steel products are quite versatile owing to their durability, longevity, and malleability. Due to being highly malleable, they can be beaten into various shapes and can be formed into different products ranging from constructional materials to utensils. The property also makes steel the most preferred choice in constructional purposes as they are easy to use.
  • Corrosion-resistant 
    • Steel is alloyed with carbon and the same makes it highly corrosion-resistant and thus it finds its usage in various products.
  • Termite resistance and low price
    • The wooden products are highly prone to termites. Even if the wood is topped with termite-proof coating, the overall result becomes very expensive. However, steel products are termite resistant and come at a low price.
  • Less maintenance
    • As mentioned above, steel products are highly durable and can withstand extreme temperatures and climates. Also, their quality remains the same even after years of usage. Thus, they require less maintenance and are easy on the pocket.

APL Apollo – A Journey Through Time

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APL Apollo – A Journey Through TimeAPL Apollo – A Journey Through Time

APL Apollo is one of the leading manufacturers of steel pipes in India. We are headquartered in Delhi NCR and have eleven manufacturing units that have a combined capacity of 2.5 Million MTPA. Our units are strategically placed in Sikandrabad (4 units), Bengaluru (2 units), Hosur, Dujana, Raipur, Murbad and Hyderabad to ensure a pan India presence for the brand.

However, the pinnacle of success that we have reached today is a result of our laborious past – spanning over three decades. The company was founded in 1986 by the late Mr. Sudesh Gupta named as Bihar Tubes Pvt. Limited. In the same year, we set up our first manufacturing unit in Sikandrabad, Uttar Pradesh. In 1993, we listed ourselves as a public limited company, thus adding another feather in the cap. We also started manufacturing galvanised tubes in the same year. Between 1994 – 95, we commissioned a new galvanising plant and also received ISI certification. This was also a proud moment as we got listed on the stock exchanges. In 1995, we entered into the capital market by way of a public issue amounting to Rs 438 lakh.

In the next decade, we evolved further and took the company to new heights. We imported cutting edge technology from Kusakabe, Japan and installed it across all three of our mills. It was during this time that we diversified our manufacturing to include the production of structural pipes. As our determination for new and innovative products drove us to perform better, we soon became the pioneers in pre galvanized steel pipe manufacturing in India along with developing in-house hollow sections across a wide range of sizes. Between 2000 – 2002, we also commissioned a new tube mill and the modern Galium mill. It was during this period that we received the ISO 9001:2000 certification.

The period between 2007-2008 was also very significant for us as we expanded even further and acquired not one but two firms – Apollo Metalex Private Limited and Shri Lakshmi Metal Udyog Limited (Bangalore). In the following year, we commissioned a plant in Hosur, Tamil Nadu. It was also the year of our Greenfield venture with state-of-the-art mills. We also started several warehouses across India during this time.

Another significant development took place between 2011-12 as the name was changed to APL Apollo Tubes Limited. It was also during this time that we were awarded UL, CE, SGF France, ISO 14001:2004 and OHSAS 18001:2007 certifications. We also acquired Lloyds Line Pipes Limited Plant near Mumbai, thus continuing our expansion.

Between 2013-2015, we continued to grow with leaps and bounds and procured CRFH Coils from JSW Steel to expand our product range. At this time, we also started manufacturing door sections, window sections and railing tubes to add to our vast array of offerings. We became the first company in India to achieve the capacity of 1 MTPA in steel pipes. In 2016-17, we added prestigious achievements to our credit – established India’s first ever Direct Forming Technology line in Hosur, commissioned Greenfield facility at Raipur, Chhattisgarh also with Direct Forming Technology and were awarded patents for six product design types.

Our hard and quest for innovative products have made us one of the top five steel manufacturers in the world. Today we have 11 plants, 29 sales offices and 800 distributors. We are sprawled across 2000 towns and cities and have a retailer presence of 1,00,000. These numbers have been achieved with sheer determination and innovation, which is ingrained in our DNA.

Why Apollo Steel Plank Is Replacing Wood?

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Why Apollo Steel Plank Is Replacing Wood?

Wood has been long established as the go-to material for making planks. However, over the years, many of its drawbacks have come to the forefront. Planks made of wood are not as durable and often succumb to extreme temperatures and other harsh weather conditions. Moreover, they require the felling of trees, thus making it non eco-friendly. The introduction of APOLLO STEEL PLANKS came as a solution to all these problems and gradually people are switching from wood to steel. Read on to know what makes Apollo Steel Planks a better choice than wooden planks.
1. Fire-resistant

This is one of the most important factors that give Apollo Planks an upper hand over the wooden planks. Manufactured from quality steel, the Apollo Planks are non-combustible. Whereas, wood is flammable and always runs a risk of catching fire. To avoid the same, most people are switching to Apollo Plank, a safer substitute.

2. Termite-proof

Providing no organic material for the termites to feed on, Apollo Planks are termite-proof. However, wooden planks are prone to termites and thus vulnerable to termite-related damage. Even if termite protection and treatment is used, wooden planks are still vulnerable to termites and makes it more costly. Hence, Apollo Plank becomes a better and more economical option.

3. Greater strength

Apollo Planks have a higher strength to weight ratio as compared to wooden planks. Thus, they are more sturdy and can easily withstand huge weights. Owing to their usage in truck bodies and scaffolding, the planks must encompass great strength and thus Apollo Planks become the go-to-choice.

4. Eco-friendly

Many trees are chopped down for the construction of wooden planks and the same is resulting in the depletion of forests. However, Apollo Planks are a solution to this problem as more usage of them means less cutting of trees. Also, Apollo Planks do not harm the environment and hence qualify as the better choice.

5. Recyclable

Apollo Planks are recyclable. In fact, steel is 100% recyclable and has an extremely high overall recycling rate. This allows them to be recycled continually from one product to another without any degradation in performance. Thus, Apollo Planks becomes more widely used as compared to the wooden planks.

6. Enhanced Longevity

Apollo Planks last longer than the wooden planks. Apollo Planks do not bend or twist out of shape like wooden planks. They also don’t expand, degrade and rot due to weather conditions that adversely affect wooden planks. Thus, they are highly durable, which makes them the preferred choice. Moreover, Apollo Planks are resilient to termites, fire and other natural calamities, thus being more durable than wooden planks.

What is the difference between steel tubes and steel pipes?

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What is the difference between steel tubes and steel pipes?

Many people confuse steel pipes and steel tubes to be the same thing and often use them interchangeably. However, a steel pipe and a steel tube are different from each other in a lot of ways. Starting from the procedure with which they are manufactured to their usage and shape – there are a lot of things that differentiate them.

Read on to know what factors distinguish them.

  • Thickness

    The thickness factor will easily help you comprehend the difference between a steel pipe and a steel tube. For a steel pipe, knowing the wall thickness or as it is called the “schedule thickness” is quite important as it defines its strength. Owing to their usage in gas and fluid transportation, it becomes necessary to know the inner diameter of the steel pipe that will determine their capacity. The thickness of a steel tube is measured in gauge if it’s thin and in fractions of an inch or millimeter if it’s thick.

  • Measurement

    The ways to measure these two are poles apart because of their usage. When it comes to pipes, the inner diameter is considered. The distance between the opposite points of the inner circle (the circle excluding the thickness) is called the inner diameter. For tubes, the outside diameter is measured which is the diameter between the opposite points of the outside of the tube (the circle including the thickness).

  • Tolerance level

    In comparison to the steel pipes, steel tubes have compacted manufacturing tolerance. The same ensures that they fit and perform efficiently.

  • Usage

    Because of their strength and compacted manufacturing tolerance, tubes are primarily employed in constructional purposes, engineering and automobile manufacturing. Whereas, the steel pipes are used as passageways for transmitting fluids and gases from one place to another.

  • Shape

    There is a difference in the shape of a steel pipe and tube. A steel tube is not necessarily always round. As they are employed for structural purposes, they can be square or rectangular as well. On the other hand, pipes always come in round shape. It’s quite tough to mould them. The steel pipes are pressure rated to keep the leakages at bay as they are used in transporting gases and liquids.

  • Production procedure

    The manufacturing process for both the steel pipes and steel tubes vary a lot. The steel pipes are of two types – welded or seamless. When raw steel is made into a pipe by stretching, a seamless pipe is formed and when the edges are forced together and sealed with a weld, welded pipe is formed. The process is easier and less time consuming as compared to the making of steel tubes. When it comes to steel tubes, a lot of processes, tests, inspections are performed during the production process.

  • Cost

    The production of steel tubes is lower as compared to steel pipes. Also, the manufacturing process of steel tubes has stricter requirements in terms of tolerances and inspections along with requiring more energy and labour. Hence, the price of steel tubes is higher than steel pipes.

APL Apollo Products & Versatility

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APL Apollo Products & Versatility

APL Apollo has been in the industry for decades and we have been using technology and innovation to develop products to ease the work of our consumers while minimizing the impact of it on the planet. When we started our journey, we realized the need for a stronger material and entered the industry of pipes and tubes manufacturing. Using steel of highest quality, we ensured that the consumers got durable and strong products. We also designed our products in a way that enabled consumers to use them in more than one way.

Our MS Black Pipes are manufactured using high grade mild steel and the latest technology is involved in producing these. This technology ensures that all the standards are met while producing a durable product. These pipes are easy to weld and forge and thus find usage across different industries. MS Black pipes are used for firefighting, fencing, mech and general engineering, idlers etc. These versatile pipes are also used in structuring and as electrical conduits.

We also manufacture pre-galvanized tubes that are highly durable, stable and can withstand atmospheric collision. These find usage in Fencing, Cabling and Ducting Automotive (Bus Body), Greenhouse Structures, Gates and Grills, Electrical Conduit and Scaffolding. Made of galvanized sheets, they can also withstand mechanical deformation and are aesthetically pleasing as well.

We further felt the need for superior products for water supply, structuring etc. and started manufacturing the hot dipped galvanized pipes. To ensure more strength and durability, the steel pipes are dipped in a molten zinc bath. This process has enhanced the structural performance of these pipes in the harshest of weather conditions as they resist wind, water and road salts. They are also corrosion-resistant, and more economical.

Apart from these, we also have hollow sections, which have high tensile strength and are used in various industries. They also come in various shapes and sizes thus making it easier for them to be used in different sectors. These find application in construction, machinery, automotive, furniture, transmission towers, heavy machine equipment, agricultural equipment, Earth moving equipment etc.

With a developing nation, it was necessary to build products that are versatile, durable and eco-friendly. We also developed flat/oval capsules, hand rails, D-sections, elliptical sections, narrow sections and taper sections. This array of products have a wide range of uses. Our constant drive for innovation and the usage of latest technology enabled us to develop products that are strong, durable and eco-friendly. Lasting longer than others, these have also proven to be more economical while being aesthetically pleasing. All these reasons have catapulted us to the zenith of success and helped us carve a name for ourselves in the industry.