APL Apollo – A Journey Through Time

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APL Apollo – A Journey Through TimeAPL Apollo – A Journey Through Time

APL Apollo is one of the leading manufacturers of steel pipes in India. We are headquartered in Delhi NCR and have eleven manufacturing units that have a combined capacity of 2.5 Million MTPA. Our units are strategically placed in Sikandrabad (4 units), Bengaluru (2 units), Hosur, Dujana, Raipur, Murbad and Hyderabad to ensure a pan India presence for the brand.

However, the pinnacle of success that we have reached today is a result of our laborious past – spanning over three decades. The company was founded in 1986 by the late Mr. Sudesh Gupta named as Bihar Tubes Pvt. Limited. In the same year, we set up our first manufacturing unit in Sikandrabad, Uttar Pradesh. In 1993, we listed ourselves as a public limited company, thus adding another feather in the cap. We also started manufacturing galvanised tubes in the same year. Between 1994 – 95, we commissioned a new galvanising plant and also received ISI certification. This was also a proud moment as we got listed on the stock exchanges. In 1995, we entered into the capital market by way of a public issue amounting to Rs 438 lakh.

In the next decade, we evolved further and took the company to new heights. We imported cutting edge technology from Kusakabe, Japan and installed it across all three of our mills. It was during this time that we diversified our manufacturing to include the production of structural pipes. As our determination for new and innovative products drove us to perform better, we soon became the pioneers in pre galvanized steel pipe manufacturing in India along with developing in-house hollow sections across a wide range of sizes. Between 2000 – 2002, we also commissioned a new tube mill and the modern Galium mill. It was during this period that we received the ISO 9001:2000 certification.

The period between 2007-2008 was also very significant for us as we expanded even further and acquired not one but two firms – Apollo Metalex Private Limited and Shri Lakshmi Metal Udyog Limited (Bangalore). In the following year, we commissioned a plant in Hosur, Tamil Nadu. It was also the year of our Greenfield venture with state-of-the-art mills. We also started several warehouses across India during this time.

Another significant development took place between 2011-12 as the name was changed to APL Apollo Tubes Limited. It was also during this time that we were awarded UL, CE, SGF France, ISO 14001:2004 and OHSAS 18001:2007 certifications. We also acquired Lloyds Line Pipes Limited Plant near Mumbai, thus continuing our expansion.

Between 2013-2015, we continued to grow with leaps and bounds and procured CRFH Coils from JSW Steel to expand our product range. At this time, we also started manufacturing door sections, window sections and railing tubes to add to our vast array of offerings. We became the first company in India to achieve the capacity of 1 MTPA in steel pipes. In 2016-17, we added prestigious achievements to our credit – established India’s first ever Direct Forming Technology line in Hosur, commissioned Greenfield facility at Raipur, Chhattisgarh also with Direct Forming Technology and were awarded patents for six product design types.

Our hard and quest for innovative products have made us one of the top five steel manufacturers in the world. Today we have 11 plants, 29 sales offices and 800 distributors. We are sprawled across 2000 towns and cities and have a retailer presence of 1,00,000. These numbers have been achieved with sheer determination and innovation, which is ingrained in our DNA.

How does DFT differ from the other steel making processes?

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How does DFT differ from the other steel making processes?

Steel is an integral part of the construction industry and is the most widely used and most recycled material. Steel is available in various forms – from stainless and high-temperature steel to flat carbon products. Steel is one of the most innovative materials in the world. The steel industry’s step to achieve 100% efficiency has led to constructive discussions and advancement in technology. DFT is the latest technology in the steel industry which helps in manufacturing universal hollow steel pipes. It allows the buyers to customize their steel pipe according to the design. APL Apollo was the one to introduce DFT in India. Let us look at some of the other processes to understand the importance and necessity of DFT.


It is a steel making and iron making process that helps in the production of Direct Reduced Iron. It is a gas-based shaft furnace process that helps in solid-state reduction process which reduces iron ore pellets in Direct Reduced Iron (DRI). The capacity of production has increased to 1.8 million tons per year in 2007.

The MIDREX process is effective because of

  1. Continual refinement of the process which includes increases heat recovery,
  2. Larger capacity shaft furnaces and
  3. Hot briquetting.
Electric Arc Furnace:

An Electric Arc Furnace is an extremely hot enclosed space in which heat is produced by means of electrical arcing. The electric arc is produced between the electrodes. This process is used for melting the metals. It is used to produce mini steel structural bars and steel rods. There are two types of Electrical Arc Furnaces – they are alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) operated the electric furnace.


It is a smelting reduction process which combines a melter gasifier with a reduction shaft. The main inputs for this process are lump iron ore, non-coking coal, and oxygen. It helps in cost-efficient and environment-friendly COREX, production of hot metal. It is accepted as a commercially proven technology by fulfilling more stringent ecological regulations, utilization of low cost, highly available low-grade raw material.

Direct Forming Technology:

This technology has brought a revolutionary change in the steel pipe production industry. This helps in producing universal hollow shapes of pipe to fit customer requirements. It is an innovative route to pipe production. Compared to other traditional steelmaking processes it is completely automatic and computerized. Set-up operation of DFT is accurate and fast as compared to others. It enables buyers to get pipes according to the size they want, without compromising on the quality. This method gives an undisputed advantage in terms of production capability, cost reduction and flexibility. These square and rectangular hollow sections are lesser in weight and superior in strength as compared to other methods of steel tube manufacturing. DFT gives an advantage of on-time delivery of high-quality material.

Thus, switching to DFT has proven to be sustainable and cost-efficient that will ultimately fuel the growth of the industry.

Latest Trends in the Steel Industry

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Latest Trends in the Steel Industry

Steel is the most commonly used metal in the world as it plays a crucial role in the development of a sustainable society. It is the most common building material as steel can be recycled without a loss of strength. The steel industry has evolved over time, especially in India.

In the early years, under the Industrial Policy Resolution of 1956, the iron and steel industry were reserved under the public sector but due to a shortage of steel production and increased demand, government liberalized the steel industry in 1980. India has now emerged as one of the significant steel producers in the world. India is the 8th largest producer of crude steel in the world and seventh largest steel producer in the world.

In the late 18th century, the invention of the steam engine enabled mass production of iron. Though it required an external heat source and its productivity was relatively low, it permitted a wide range of iron resources and easy control of temperature.

After this, the basic oxygen steelmaking process emerged in the steel industry. This, along with continuous casting processes developed in the 1950s, came to be considered the most innovative technologies in the history of the steel industry. It had many advantages of cost competitiveness, high productivity and the ability to produce a wide range of high-quality steel. But soon global research institutes found out several disadvantages of these processes, including generation of a large number of environment pollutants.

With the advancement of the world, a system equally developed was needed to match the requirements. To keep up with the pace of development, we needed a manufacturing process that could produce steel equipment at an equivalent pace. This is where DFT came into the scenario. APL Apollo was the first company to import the technology and introduce it in India and till date, we remain the sole manufacturing company that uses this technology.

DFT is used to make hollow sections of superior quality and finish. This technology can form rectangular and square hollow sections of different sizes and thickness directly, Thus reducing the huge cost and providing better productivity at both – customer and company – levels. It also helps in customizing orders and makes any size between 26 mm X 13 mm – 400 mm X 200 mm in rectangular hollow sections and 12 mm X 12 mm – 300 mm X 300 mm in square hollow sections. In addition to being durable, stylish and cost-effective, steel produced using DFT is also eco-friendly.

Thus the ever-evolving industry is truly at a stage where its products can be adapted into various spheres of our lives and this has been made possible with the advancement of technology and latest trends that have been embraced by the industry.