Recycled Steel and Its Uses

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Recycled Steel and Its Uses

Steel is one of the most recycled materials in the whole world. Steel can be recycled continuously without any degradation in its quality and can be manufactured from one product to the other. Moreover, it’s easier to recycle scrap steel than to mine ore for the making of new steel. Steel does not degrade during recycling, and thus is the go-to choice for various applications.

There are 3 types of scrap steel:

  1. Home scrap or internal scrap: The discarded steel that’s generated within the mill while steel-making, is referred to as home scrap.
  2. Prompt scrap: The waste generated while manufacturing different kinds of steel products is known as prompt scrap.
  3. Obsolete scrap: The discarded consumer and industrial elements are known as obsolete scrap.

These are recycled to be used for numerous purposes like:

  1. Home furnishings: Recycled steel is utilized in the making of home furniture owing to its great strength even after recycling. Scrap steel is used in the making of beds, couches, tables, and chairs, etc. The steel provides these furniture pieces durability along with superior aesthetics to make the home stand apart.
  2. Food packaging: Recycled steel is also a preferred choice when it comes to food packaging. Steel cans are the most recycled steel product. A lot of canned goods are made from 100% recycled steel. Less energy is used in the making of steel cans from scrap steel as compared to manufacturing steel cans from raw material. Moreover, steel cans provide excellent resistance against humidity, gasses, and UV-light. Thus, the products do not get spoiled. Moreover, as recycled steel is as strong as the new steel, these cans have great strength and can be transported over long distances. Also, steel has a gloss that gives the food packaging a premium look.
  3. Construction material: Recycled steel is widely used in offices and homes because of its strength and durability. From the steel beams required for support inside the offices to ductwork for the cooling and heating system – all mostly made from recycled steel. Moreover, the stairs and the handrails too are manufactured from the same in most of the cases. Moreover, the lighting fixtures as well as the roofing too involve recycled steel. Also, the old and discarded buildings are dismantled and recycled to form steel that is used in the making of new buildings.
  4. Automobiles: An automobile consists of about 65% of steel. Out of this, around 25% is recycled steel. The old, discarded cars are dismantled and after removing the reusable parts like batteries, tyres, etc, the frames are sent for recycling.
  5. Creative uses: Scrapped steel is used for numerous other purposes like road signs, nameplates, sculptures, and steel art. Being made from recycled steel, outdoor signs and sculptures can withstand external factors and stand strong for years.

What makes steel Eco friendly?

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What makes steel Eco friendly?

Steel is highly recommended for construction and industrial purposes. It comes off as the best material owing to its various features like great strength, corrosion and fire resistance, etc. However, steel is also an eco-friendly material and a blessing to the environment. This World Environment Day, switch to steel to do your bit for the environment.

Here’s what makes steel an environment-friendly material. 

  1. The by-products of steel can be repurposed: The manufacturing of steel leaves almost no wastage. The making of steel results in by-products such as air-cooled slag, granulated slag, and expanded slag. All these are adapted for various purposes. The air-cooled slag is suitable as a construction aggregate and is also used in ready-mixed concrete, concrete products, asphaltic concrete, road bases, etc. Granulated slag is utilized in making cementitious material and expanded slag as a lightweight aggregate. Moreover, the by-product gases are used as a direct fuel substitute, for the internal generation of electricity, or sold for power generation.
  2. Water used in the manufacturing of steel can be recycled: The average water required by integrated plants per metric ton of steel is 28.6 cubic metres. The water is utilized for various purposes like cooling, descaling, and cleaning. However, around 98% of the water is recycled and returned to the source. It is then acceptable for specific end-use. Some part of the water is lost due to the evaporation.
  3. Endlessly recyclable: Steel can be endlessly recycled without losing its properties and strength. Steel can be easily repurposed for various other uses and is 98% recyclable, thus being environment-friendly.
  4. Less energy is used: Steel can be prepared from scrap metal too and that consumes very little energy. It is manufactured in the electric arc furnace. In it, new steel is produced entirely from scrap steel and the step of creating pig iron from iron ore (which is further used to make steel) is reduced, thus saving up to 74% of the energy. Moreover, steel is sturdy and can support thicker layers of insulation. Thus, homes don’t lose heat or cold in winters and summers respectively and result in saving electricity and reduced bills.
  5. Reduces deforestation: Steel is fast replacing wood. As many people have started using steel in place of wood for furniture and their houses, the usage of wood has reduced. This further results in fewer trees being cut and reducing deforestation. Moreover, steel can be easily reused but it’s difficult to reuse wood. Thus, using steel means no wastage, less energy, and water consumption. To sum it up, steel is an eco-friendly material and is a boon for society.

How steel products are durable and eco-friendly in comparison to wooden products and the reasons to use them

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How steel products are durable and eco-friendly in comparison to wooden products and the reasons to use them

Steel is one of the most commonly used materials when it comes to consumer and commercial purposes and is fast replacing the wooden products. There are certain properties that make steel a better alternative than wood.

The durability of steel products

For long, steel has remained the preferred choice for numerous constructional purposes. Steel encompasses an array of properties which results in its durability as compared to wooden products. The following features make steel more durable and help steel products to stand out.

  • Durability: Steel is an alloy of carbon, iron and other elements. The same results in the steel products being so strong and durable that they can easily withstand conditions such as storms, earthquakes, mild cyclones, etc. However, wooden products are vulnerable to climate and other natural occurrences.
  • High-tensile strength: Steel has high tensile strength and thus steel products are tough and more durable as compared to wooden products. Steel structures concede long-term performance and do not expand or contract with moisture as opposed to wooden products.
  • Fire resistance: Steel offers excellent fire protection. The same results in making steel products a great choice for constructional uses. Hence, steel structures stay protected in case a fire breaks out. Wood has low fire resistance and thus is not a safe option for building purposes.
  • Longevity: Steel does not distort, split, crack or creep like wood and hence ensures longevity to the structures.
How are steel products more eco-friendly?

Wooden products are formed with the destruction of trees and the same leads to deforestation. Thus, wooden products are not eco-friendly. On the other hand, the usage of steel products means the conservation of trees.

Another fact that makes steel a go-to choice is that it’s the most recycled material on the planet. It can be easily recycled continuously without any degradation in its quality or performance and can be formed into anything. That’s not the case with wooden products. Even though they can be recycled, they can only be formed into limited products. Also, their performance degrades over time.

Reasons to use steel products

  • Versatile 
    • Steel products are quite versatile owing to their durability, longevity, and malleability. Due to being highly malleable, they can be beaten into various shapes and can be formed into different products ranging from constructional materials to utensils. The property also makes steel the most preferred choice in constructional purposes as they are easy to use.
  • Corrosion-resistant 
    • Steel is alloyed with carbon and the same makes it highly corrosion-resistant and thus it finds its usage in various products.
  • Termite resistance and low price
    • The wooden products are highly prone to termites. Even if the wood is topped with termite-proof coating, the overall result becomes very expensive. However, steel products are termite resistant and come at a low price.
  • Less maintenance
    • As mentioned above, steel products are highly durable and can withstand extreme temperatures and climates. Also, their quality remains the same even after years of usage. Thus, they require less maintenance and are easy on the pocket.

How Innovation is Changing the World Around Us?

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How Innovation is Changing the World Around Us?

“Innovation is the only way to win.” – Steve Jobs

In a constantly changing world, it is essential that we move forward in every aspect. Turnaround time for most things has drastically reduced and there has been a noticeable shift in designs, materials, durability etc. Growing concern for the conservation of resources has been one of the factors that has changed the way things were done in the past. At every step, the world is evolving and innovations are being embraced to fit into this ever-changing world. With every passing day, the needs evolve and one must keep innovating to keep up with the demands. The world today, needs enhanced structures and materials that are stronger, more aesthetic, more durable, technology-driven and something that doesn’t harm the environment.

As civilization came into existence, we were primarily dependent on natural resources for all our needs. Even with the advancement in our methods, we relied heavily on animal power and non-renewable sources for most of our work. Gradually with the growth in population and need for advanced systems, we switched to methods that were more efficient than the previous ones. While this sustained us for a long time, the ever-evolving world and the growing population again gave rise to a need for more innovation that would make our lives easier while conserving the environment.

Today, we are at a point, where innovation is needed more than ever. We are a nation, developing by leaps and bounds. From housing to machinery – every industry needs things at an instant. Like every developing nation, we too need infrastructure to support the growth and true development is when a nation develops across industries. To cater to the needs of so many industries, it was essential to develop a system that produced cost and time effective materials. These also need to be versatile so as to reduce manual efforts. At this juncture, the introduction of innovation in technology becomes more important than ever.

As a part of this developing nation, it was also our duty to introduce innovation that would accelerate the growth. This has led us to adapting innovative methods of production like DFT i.e. Direct Forming Technology, which saves materials and is more cost and time effective. This also allows customization, thus taking away the need for production of different raw material at different places. Today, our products are used in bridges, staircases, atriums, airports, stadiums, shopping malls etc. Innovation is building a world where your products can cater to multiple industries simultaneously. Along with producing steel tubes and pipes at a fast pace, we are also reducing the usage of wood in various industries. We achieved this by providing alternate products that are durable and eco-friendly. Today, we take pride in developing the nation in an innovating way along with creating a sustainable future.